the blog of Seldom Seen Photography

The Art of Capturing Time

I’ve heard photography described as the art of capturing light, and perhaps I’ve been guilty of describing it that way as well. Photographic tips often talk about looking for dynamic light, chasing the good light, etc. Yet photography is more than light, it is also time. Consider your camera. Leaving ISO aside, there are two ways to control exposure: changing the aperture and changing the shutter speed.

Time is an essential part of photography. Too little time, and your image will be black; too much time, and it will be white. Every photograph captures a slice of time. Sometimes a very small slice, a small fraction of a second; sometimes a long slice of minutes or even hours.

The human eye is better at capturing light than a camera. The human eye can see detail through a very large dynamic range compared to the best DSLRs out there. This is why HDR is popular, why there camera accessories like split-neutral density filters. But, at least in my opinion, the camera is better than the human eye at capturing time. My camera can capture the action of a running gazelle much better than my eye can. Similarly, it is much better at capturing the movement of the stars across the night sky.

Time makes every photograph unique. Each image captures a different piece of time, and each piece of time is different. I use to tell my kids when they were young, that if they wanted to see something no one in the world had ever seen before, pop open a peanut shell. No one in the world ever saw that particular peanut before (and no one would see it again after they ate it). The same is true for photography, want to capture something no one has every photographed before, take a picture, any picture – you’ve just captured a bit of time that will never be captured again. Okay, I hear you. If you take two photographs one second apart, you have two nearly identical photographs (the extreme example, I guess, being two studio-lit shots of a still life taken seconds apart). I didn’t say your capture would be exciting, only different (and perhaps not even on a visible scale). Making that capture of a small slice of time exciting, making the image worthy to look at, is where the art comes in.

The act of capturing time with a camera is not art. Instead making that capture an experience (both for the photographer and the viewer) is the art of photography. Just like composition makes a big difference in photography, selecting the correct small portion of time to record also makes all the difference. Look at the four examples below of the Colorado River taken from Dead Horse Point State Park in Utah, taken minutes apart and all processed the approximately the same way in Lightroom and Photoshop. I took the first two before sunrise, four minutes apart. The third was taken seven minutes later and the fourth seven minutes after that. Depending on your tastes, the second or the third ones are clearly superior than the first or the fourth (my favorite is the second one). A few minutes made all the difference here.

Dead Horse1

Image taken at 6:51 a.m.

Dead Horse2

Image taken at 6:55 a.m.

Dead Horse3

Image taken at 7:02 a.m.

Dead Horse4

Image taken at 7:14 a.m.

Selecting the correct time to press the shutter button is not limited to the quality of the light at the time, it also is dependent upon the subject. The best people shots come with when the subjects are showing their emotions to the camera, something that is difficult to capture because it is often so fleeting. And this timing aspect is not limited to people. When shooting scenes with flags flapping in the breeze, for example, I will usually take many shots, just to capture one where the flag looks good. Here’s a couple more examples. The first image, taken on Caye Caulker in Belize, is a little girl fishing with her father. I snapped of a dozen shots, but this is clearly the best, with the girl lightly touching her father. As you might imagine, a girl of this age didn’t hold that pose long, but was quickly looking this way and that, and interacting with a brother just out of the frame. The second shot is of the Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco, I wanted an image with the swans in the pond, and was lucky enough to capture them in a good , with one looking directly at the camera. The birds were only in this position for a quick moment, and all the other shots I took don’t come close to the quality of this one.

Fishing with Dad

Often timing is critical when shooting human subjects, with split seconds being the difference between an image with emotional impact and one without. Here, the girl was only touching her father for a few seconds.

Fine Arts Swans

Timing also is critical with non-human subjects. These swans were only in this position for a brief moment.

The length of time captured in your image also makes a difference and, as I mentioned above, can reveal things not readily apparent to the naked eye. This is true both for short exposures and for long ones. For example, in the following image of snow geese in the Skagit River delta area of Washington State, the very short shutter speed was able to capture some unique looking wing angles and positions. In the second example, of the ferry dock at Steilacoom, Washington, a long shutter speed created beautiful patterns in the water. If you are a regular viewer of my photography, you likely know that I love using long shutter speeds for the effects of it creates – the effect of compressing many seconds of time into a single image.


Here a shutter speed of 1/640th of a second freezes the swans wings into interesting shapes and angles, not visible to the naked eye.


A 15 second shutter speed was used for this image, creating interesting patterns and reflections in the water not typically visible to the human eye.

Sometimes two different sets of time can both be important to an image. In this example, taken from my trip up to Harts Pass several weekends ago, a long exposure was necessary to capture the stars. For images such as this, too short a shutter speed will not show many stars; too long a shutter speed will result in star trails instead of points of light. The shutter speed for this image was 20 seconds. (Generally, for star shots without trails, you will need to shoot at 30 seconds or less). However, in this image, I wanted to add some foreground interest, and I chose to do light painting on the tree. I painted the tree for just a couple of seconds, running the light from the flashlight briefly up and down the tree. More than a few seconds would have made the tree too bright; less, too dark.

Night Tree

Here a long shutter speed (20 seconds) was necessary for capturing the stars. In contrast, a short amount of time was needed to properly light paint the tree.

Here’s one last example of the importance of time to photography. The image below is of a tree with colorful leaves taken while moving the camera vertically downward. I used a shutter speed of 1/8 second. A longer shutter speeds would have resulted in too much blurring; a shorter shutter speed, too little. The proper shutter speed for this type of shot will vary greatly depending on the subject and the amount of camera movement.

Tree Abstract 2

Shutter speed is critical when creating pleasing abstracts with camera movement.

These are just a few examples of the importance of time to photography. I’m sure you can think of more. Photography is nothing without light, but it is also nothing without time.

14 responses

  1. Wow these photos are amazing!!!

    I will be following you!! I invite you to visit me as well.

    September 28, 2013 at 2:23 pm

    • Thanks Judy. I took a quick peek at your website and blog. You have some nice work, lots of wonderful color.

      September 28, 2013 at 3:09 pm

      • Thanks!

        September 30, 2013 at 5:27 pm

  2. Boyer Writes

    I really enjoy these photography lessons as I am still learning…and know there is so much more to learn. Having a keen eye is certainly important, but often I have the eye but not the technical know how. Thanks for sharing. Nancy at Boyer Writes

    September 28, 2013 at 4:03 pm

    • Having a eye for composition is probably the most important. You can learn technical knowhow, but having a good eye is much harder to learn.

      September 28, 2013 at 5:42 pm

  3. Great shots. Amazing.

    September 28, 2013 at 11:11 pm

  4. sammyconductor

    thank you

    September 29, 2013 at 3:20 am

  5. I’d add one more aspect of time with photography and that is capturing the timelessness of a place. As important as timing is in creating the image, the feeling of forgetting about time is intriguing to me. Great post and examples here, love your work! EE

    September 29, 2013 at 7:31 am

    • Thanks Eric, you are totally correct. For many subjects, timelessness can be very important, and capturing those places at the right time can contribute to the images showing that timelessness.

      September 29, 2013 at 8:04 am

  6. Reblogged this on Lavender Turquois.

    September 30, 2013 at 8:20 am

  7. songtothesirens

    Although I am not a photographer (I am a writer), I think you made a very good point in this post. A photograph is not just about light, it is about the time the photograph was taken. That can have several meanings as well since photographs capture our lives. I truly enjoy your work, and wish that I had half the skill that you do. All of my really good photographs are accidents πŸ™‚

    October 3, 2013 at 11:06 pm

    • Jennifer, thank you for commenting. I’d say if all your good photographs are accidents, you have the makings of a good photographer! With a little study, and being able to learn from you happy accidents (as well as you not-so-good shots), you can improve. Also, please remember, that I take thousands of images every year, and only show a handful on my blog. Someday, I’ll have to do a post featuring all the bad images I take πŸ™‚

      October 4, 2013 at 1:14 pm

      • songtothesirens

        Thanks…..I have many happy accidents πŸ™‚ I think posting some of your not so happy accidents might be interesting…

        October 4, 2013 at 4:39 pm

  8. Pingback: Tale of Two Seasons | joebeckerphoto

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